View From Space
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A graphic insight into the world of space photography. Includes footage showing the physical aspects of the Earth and explains how man has profited from these photographic efforts.
- See see. In space time passes strangely day becomes night and night day as if we are passing through tunnels. Captain James novel. Don't seem to remember quite steadily as it does we can see the colors along the horizon. Quickly in a deep blue to a light blue to perhaps a pink as the rays of then slightly around the earth. Cortisol black with above it and some of the fun of the spokes of self above the earth. Horizon then then it's a brilliant white as a lot of fact you don't want to be looking to hire the sunrise I thought a lot to look away from all of the son of the blame. On. The steep mountains of Iran live beneath us. Hidden behind a mountain barrier either ruins of one of the great cities of the ancient world. Persepolis capital of the Persian Empire destroyed twenty three hundred years ago. BORMANN In space crafts or know when to add don't have a draft probably have an airplane so really can put your our bottle marks on this map and just by time you can mark off the time or say well I should be over. Calcutta and look down and there's Calcutta not only Calcutta but the whole some kind of India lives six hundred miles below one million square miles from our tropical south to the northern mountains. This NG Russia and China. Colonel Aldrin. If you look closely you can see some of these very uniform lines that convinces you that man's down there and made his mark on the planet that is visible from one hundred sixty on in the last. Now the frozen roof of the world the Himalayas tallest mountains on Earth which for centuries of challenge demands and give us yet in significant from space. Nine of the world's twelve highest peaks are in this one. View. Paid to or mount guard one Austin over twenty eight thousand feet above sea level. Lies below. The dark patch in the center is Mount Everest in perpetual winter twenty nine thousand feet tall. Highest mountain on earth. We're only about one half from are starting to Florida as the space might try your crossing from India in Tibet on our way toward the heartland of central China. We will cross China from west to east. Following her meandering whatever adjustment of done since recorded time. We trace the Yangtze longest river in Asia from her source past chunking. And one king. Shanghai Nancy doctor at the upper left. We move freely along the. Anna coast over the ports the food chain. Hong Kong. And along the Tonkin Gulf toward North Vietnam. Below dotted by clouds North Vietnam. Before nine hundred fifty seven neither man nor anything man made was in space since then the United States in the Soviet Union had launched some three thousand objects most of them unmanned and American made. They have travelled out as far as the past we know. Some of been in Senate must fear some will continue traveling for a thousand years. They blocked out and they have looked back. Sending to us new knowledge of the Earth's magnetic field and gravity. The sun's radiation the composition of the moon Mars and Venus. To conceive such complex tasks to design and build their hardware man had to devise entirely new approaches to the very question of problem solving with incalculable values to other problems here on Earth. Many innovations have already come from space. For industry new metal allies and long life power source. For medicine. New means to monitor the human condition. Twenty five hundred technical developments and we have just begun as we approach the moon. The moon see the only way it could be seen a short decade ago. Yet by the mid one nine hundred sixty S. we achieved our first close up view. There's the unmanned Ranger spacecraft televised its pictures back to Earth before crashing into the moon's surface. Next a Soviet and then an American vehicle landed softly on the moon and scanned the strange scene. Our Surveyor spacecraft televise the surface and done many things we knew then that the moon could sustain the weight of a future manned spacecraft. Several known orbiter satellites then circled the moon and while searching out the best locations for man landings sent back these most dramatic and vivid views of the lunar landscape. One orbiter televised back and unique portrait from the moon and Earth rise with the earth glowing as reflected the sun's rays in the blackness of space. New views of the moon. New views of the earth. Communications satellites have been carrying telephone and television signals between continents since one thousand nine hundred fifty five and soon some fifty nations will be linked by them. Perhaps the family of spacecraft immediately affecting the greatest number of Americans are the weather satellites. Are various meteorological vehicles keep daily watch on the world's cloud cover increasing the accuracy of weather forecasting. It is estimated that only ten percent more accuracy in predicting weather could save two and a half billion dollars and. For farmers and industry in the United States. Whether satellites have proven their worth through advance warnings of storms. Whose habits are then studied for the future. One classic case was in the great hurricane of September one thousand nine hundred seven. Here we see a yet unnamed travel disturbance when a weather satellite first located far out in the central Atlantic on September first the next six days the storm is tracked by the satellite as she heads westward. It. Then by September eighth. The disturbance has become a full fledged hurricane warnings or flash drive the Caribbean and beyond about the hurricane now named Bill on September tenth. Mueller brushes past predator equal and the next day lashes the Dominican Republic the weather satellite continues dogging the hurricanes healed between the thirteenth and the fourteenth south of Jamaica. Bueller picks up speed and races toward the mainland a top priority emergency warning comes some twenty hours before Beulah strikes the Texas coast near Brownsville. After a twenty four hour rampage the storm moves on leaving one billion dollars in damage and some three hundred thousand people homeless. Yet the advance warnings have cut the toll in human life to forty one thanks to the view from space. Other space views are helping provide us with security. A.B.C. News science editor Julesburg both Russia and the United States a large and very active space recall of those programs with satellite that use Botelho. And film cameras we launch our recon spacecraft into a polar orbit so that Red China and Russia are visible beneath them in daylight hours every day what they have discovered since we started launching them regularly and one nine hundred sixty three has saved and there are guns. Told billions of dollars on needed armaments and possibly prevented a war based on miscalculation of an enemy's strength. Satellites are mostly called same owes for space and missile observations at a life they first on covered Red China's growing nuclear strength the birth of Russia's new nuclear powered missile look rip submarines was also closely watched one fantastic picture taken last year none of them have been released by the way. Spotted more Soviet nuclear submarines being built in one yard on the Baltic them are being built in the American shipyards the alarm bell rang. Russia had a sub that was faster and deeper diving than many of ours it was found out in time and faster deeper diving US subs have now been given the go ahead how is this done as our recon satellites orbit the earth. Quick love shots all recorded on videotape five T.V. cameras then broadcast the ground stations in California Alaska and elsewhere as a satellite passes overhead. Higher quality pictures are made with film and return periodic later in camera capsules which are right for a rocket out of or about this film sequence shows a blazing capitally Jackson from a recon satellites. Although these motion pictures show recovery from a satellite telephone same Also the technique is a down to call special aircraft flying out of Hawaii and I'm a Pacific Basin search out the camera capsule which is now released a parachute to slow its descent. Special Equipment is put into place behind the plane ready to snag the caps. And the recovery is made. What. Can be seen the following examples approximate real recon picture shot from aircraft and spacecraft against the sun glitter on the ocean here can be seen ships way viewed from an airplane in this case the ships are long since gone but really these two legs come together a submarine and it's tender had rendezvous and by the use of infrared and other photographic methods we can determine their speed and whether they are nuclear powered there are fewer places to hide each day this is Fort Worth and Alice allied stretch of Texas film by Apollo six cars Royal Air Force Base. Whisper to trigger a command be fifty two is on the runways as clearly visible even small planes can be counted the methods used are highly classified. This is a shot very advanced recon camera being tested to see how well it would pick up the enemy and Vietnam now the close up of the same shock clearly picking out a park truck is a den of occasions and its driver even if there were a farce cannot be obscuring the scene new sensors and cameras could have found it in a little notice speech last year President Johnson paid tribute to space by more than enough billions have been saved he declared to pay for the entire military and civilian space programs. Now on the last leg of the voyage across the Pacific we see yet another view from space. Hundred leaves the capsule on even extravehicular activity in training for flights to them. We see what he saw and hear how he found you would think that now if you open the hatch to exit the spacecraft that you might want to think which way is up and down relative to the earth but that's not true at all because. All of your attachments. Year and holes in everything if you're interested in is right there in that space craft and you really don't care where the earth is except perhaps if you're taking some pictures. There's no absolutely no concern at all about any falling tendency to where they are. I guess. Fantastic this is the best way to describe it. Looking through the window from inside the pens to frame your view but. When you're headed out in space that it just seems as though it's everywhere and you're there are eight with it. The car laptops of Micronesia heading toward a life. There's a whole line island chain you can barely see the light. I tossed down here. Both of these spirits here that I don't believe the sea diving head which is. Our E.V.A.'s and. We Street toward the United States. See smoke coming off shore about obviously college. Dump and that sort of stuff and they have touched. The clouds have broken and there's Los Angeles under it's man made cloud of smoke. We had inland over the Salton Sea toward Arizona New Mexico and Texas. We are completing our first orbit there's the mouth of the Mississippi River. Ahead the Florida peninsula where we began. We are to pass over Cape Kennedy again and then out. Our return to Earth begins. Captain Marvel the first thing that happens there's really nothing you're still up there coming down and then suddenly the shields out there in the upper atmosphere. The These guide takes on sort of a pinkish color it's the gases are started I've had then you start feeling the effects of gravity by the time your point about free breezy the later the till of course is not in the way and it's going off in big big strong and I know as a snow turn gray is that the green gas now and you can see the flames out in front of you as you come on through this holds about the same all the way down until you go subsonic and suddenly there's a big rush of sound because you can hear all the noise now coming for for the novice the rope was right. At about ten thousand feet the parachute open slowing our return through the atmosphere. For a very brief moment in time. Man has touched the periphery of the universe is seen his planet as it has never been seen before. The view from space is staggering. But two. Chin's remains was it worth it. If so where do we go from here. No single space project in this area will be more impressive to men all more important for the long range exploration of space. And none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish. We will meet probably this year. Men are already walking on a simulated surface of the most. Of all we need to do on earth will a trip to the moon have been worth it. Dr Agatston spill House president elect of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and head of Philadelphia's Franklin Institute I think that we have to review. Priorities on our expenditures of money and see if it is more important to spend money to bring him and living in humane surroundings and human values to the people who are on Earth before we go overboard on programs in space and I think that this can be as great an exciting experiment to try to abolish the misery of the poor and particularly the blacks as exploring space but I would not want us ever to get to the point where we spent everything on the immediate problems and didn't look to the future not only in space but in basic research and in the things that are also necessary for people. Dr Wilmont Hess director of NASA science and applications division the question of what do you do after you have gone to the moon the first thing I would say if you go to the moon a second time. Give them the opportunity of understanding another major body in the solar system. And doing probably to understand something about the origin of the solar system. Something about other objects in the solar system I don't know how to put a price tag on that and I'm sure to the people who were strongly interested in this area they would say that the program was worth. Dr Bruce Murray chairman of the department of planetary sciences at the California Institute of Technology. Is very tough to say we're actually going after them a lot of people are worried about this. Some would like to to use these big boosters in do very big things like send a man to Mars. I think the more sober you as well as more economic one would say that man's role in space after. Should be. If he's that important to the operation a complicated instrument system then fine. Will pay the penalty in weight in survival. Given the other hand he can be really just nothing but a passenger or maybe even a basket case we don't want the most exciting missions of the seventies and eighties I think the ones I think that the history books will be writing about. Are the first close up looks at the more distant planets we've had a close up look at Mars. Nor most surprising discovery of the fact that looks like the movement on the earth in that previous ideas are wrong. Filled with misconceptions. I think the same thing will happen if we get a closer look at Mercury. Close look at Jupiter which is such an enormous thing. Can't help of the exciting the satellites of Jupiter which are as big as the moon itself are totally unknown. And finally by using the massive gravitational attraction of Jupiter itself as a. A slingshot we can fire sells out into the very depths of the solar system the Saturn Uranus and Neptune and look at the whole totally unexplored areas always has a for the first time these are the historic milestone missions I think of the seventy's and grabs the eighty's. Extending its beauty beyond the horizons space and all of its strangeness. Stands as a challenge of our time the testimony of boldness and also by wisdom and responsibilities to one another here on ARS in the final analysis the question is not will man extend his view from space the question is simply want to priority of timing not will we. But when will we. Were all of man's staggering achievement the stars today are but a little closer to his grasp. We will reach the moment perhaps the planets. That are his incredible voyage around the moment Colonel BORMANN addressing a joint session of Congress. Put it this way. Exploration really is the the essence of the human spirit and to pause the father to turn our back on the quest for knowledge is the part and I hope that we never forget the. Eight. The the. This is going to presentation of A.B.C. News. The out right. Now. Right. It is Christmas Eve. Dorman level and Anders circled them because the greatest voyage of discovery in the history of man taking them two hundred thirty one thousand miles from earth and their thoughts turn to the creation. Of the the. We stand on the threshold of the great new age of exploration. Its Alderman destination the for this to reach is of the universe its goal the innermost secrets of the cosmos the key to the very creation of that universe. That only a dozen short years ago it had been unthinkable that man would ever orbit around Earth or circle navigate the moon let alone landed on. What is happening the decade of the sixties has been so incredible. Come with us then observe the views from space of the earth. And the moon and beyond. What is in the head who is in there. Are a thousand Millennium Man could not hope to know where he was imprisoned on a tiny dot on a distant edge of a minor galaxy in a universe of unknown vastness. Then came Sputnik in a single moment. Man had reached under the heaven. In a scant dozen years since public man has gone to the moon. Seen it and it started as an described. Right. I want. Our. Help. And there was one heavenly body no man ever seen before in all its majesty who had never left. The earth. One out of man is preparing to leave his earth for the solar system a new breed of explorers being trained scientists. Quote among. The. First of his new breed to an established scientific stations on the moon and beyond is Dr Harrison Schmitt a geologist. Now geologists Jackson had a wage the challenge of them. For a geologist or actually for for any sign of Syria or even any person with the proper training to get his hands on this thing we are actually having a chance to handle the study to read a record of the Earth's past which we have no chance to see in the earth. The challenge of space for Americans was voiced in one nine hundred sixty one by President Kennedy I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade is out of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the President Kennedy's challenge and dream will undoubtedly be met with the cost has been staggering thirty six million dollars in one decade involving the imagination and dedication of more than a quarter of a million men and the lives of three Grissom Chaffee and white who died in a tragic fire caught in a capsule on its pad while training for an Apollo mission. Family sacrifices in treasure and blood were to come on new perspective of our Earth and beyond. We will view this new perspective as our astronauts have you picked. In space a complete orbit around Earth requires some ninety minutes. Our voyage of about an hour we'll follow this route. Across the Atlantic. Through the Mediterranean basin and North Africa to the Nile and the Middle East. Into Asia at Iran. Over India and the Himalayas to China. Across China to the Pacific. And via the lion islands back to the United States. In space our earthbound concepts have no meaning. Time night day even up and down as we pitch roll in New York. In space all are silent. We are far above the roar of storms in the ocean. We are sixty miles up now. Below the hazardous light colored race of the Bahamas where Columbus searched for his new world in the faith that the earth was round. See how the generations pass like sand through heaven's blue hourglass. We fly over Cuba and Guantanamo Bay side of the American naval outpost. Past this deep dark mountains of Haiti now where Columbus touched land in four hundred ninety two. Our spacecraft heads over the North Atlantic. Eastward on our voyage of discovery. As past and present merge in the views from space so to the high cloud seem to be a part of the land and water. In space the capsule seems to expand without gravity we can float everywhere. This is how the men of the Apollo seven sure are coming I'm and Isley experienced it moving like swimmers in a sea of weightlessness. Below the Canary Islands. One start to be at the end of the flat world and to had our first continent Africa. On the main Canary Island the twelve thousand football Kaino is seemingly lost from a hundred miles or. Gibraltar in a funnel of clouds gateway to the Mediterranean Sea with Spain Portugal and France on the left and Italy in the distance. The heartland of Western civilization in a single view. Fulfilling a dream of Socrates. We who inhabit the earth well like frogs at the bottom of a pool. Only if man could rise above the sum of the air could he be hold the true word. The northwest coast of Africa. Great compliment well man became man a short million years ago and now from the edge of the Mediterranean Springs the true doesn't the vast Sourav. This is almost all of the kingdom of Libya six hundred eighty thousand square miles of North Africa. Captain level remembers the sound. Of wild allow That's all you could see with the band and the way that they they went ahead but the do in a particular orientation it was quite amazing fight. This gives you a good idea why the geologists like to get pictures from space because it gives them a complete overview of the ground the training shows on the things that airplanes are just ground observations it doesn't get. Below the prize of many conquerors the vast triangle of the Nile Delta. It's Marsh irrigated land dark against the desert sand. Ninety percent of the United Arab Republic lives in this maze of branches from. The mighty Nile history has traveled these waterway here Joseph prophesied the seven fat years and the seven league and here at the river's edge. Moses was found and from here he fled. Cleopatra and the Pharaohs ruled over this data. CAIRO A grey blotch at the narrowing of the doctor. Four million people live there. Up from Cairo we can see the Middle East. Cradle of three religions in one panoramic view Egypt on the left. The Sinai Peninsula on the right. Israel Jordan Syria Lebanon Turkey and Cyprus. I gave the picture to lie their way. Israeli officer some time ago and at the time I told them it was an oblique shot of Israel now it's an overhead shot that's right the real estate is change than. The Sinai Peninsula a wedge of desert between Egypt and the Holy Land. This was the world and that's where the Israel ites wondered for forty years and what Joseph and Mary took flight into Egypt with Ian from Jesus. And now from Cairo. Up the historic Nile. Time is a river of passing of vents said Marcus Aurelius and strong is its current no sooner is a thing brought to site then it is swept by and another takes its place and this too will be swept away. If you believe the Red Sea. Right now we're really in the Red Sea. Upside down by down while the vet is crap is upside down was the only was outside up right side up. Along the Red Sea Africa is on our right and Arabia and I'm going to ask. Once in a small spot along the coast was the kingdom of Sheba was legendary Queen traveled for months northward to Jerusalem and King Solomon. From space most of her route is seen in one glance. But it is more than beauty and history that man's new views from space reveal from them are coming new visions of what our future can be. At the Department of the Interior in Washington. Gemini Apollo an unmanned satellite pictures are being studied to see just how much they can on the cover of future sources of raw material and food for math. The director of the geological surveys Earth Resources programs is Dr William Fisher you know we've looked at it and then the many ways in which space would help us in the just as a nation and I'm convinced that the greatest benefit of all will come in the in the educational field and I often like to think about this very famous Gemini shot of the Nile Delta and recall that when I first saw this picture of the Nile Delta I couldn't help but be struck with a thought I didn't know it looked that way the city of Cairo. Didn't be easily seen the lower part and the major transportation networks throughout the dulled a particular interest are or the myriad of villages within the delta there appeared as gray spots on this map. Each of these villages has been identified and there are over a thousand villages scene in this one picture. One of the most important pictures obtained in the early Gemini. Lights was a picture of the a part of the Arabian continent near the Gulf of Oman a geologist looked at it and within a matter of hours he had created really a very fine geologic map of the area. Defining the different rock types showing those areas that were covered with drifting sand then would be not amenable really to modern exploration techniques and by golly every Gemini photograph that we've looked at has given us a formation which we think will accelerate our discovery of natural resources. Already the views from space are revealing things man never saw before. For years photo geologists like William trial and you're of Denver have searched for oil and gas deposits by piecing together aerial photographs. But with space pictures. Columns are going to see what hundreds of photos from airplanes could not capture. From pictures made on Gemini and Apollo flights have covered most of the vast area of west Texas and New Mexico known as the Delaware Basin and surprisingly traces of the deep substructure can be seen. The Delaware Basin these rich in oil and gas trapped on underground cracks or fault lines the basin is set like a tilt a dish most of the fault lines buried miles below with only the western rim of the rocks above ground. Topped by El Capitan peak. We first saw the space photographs we found out that we had been looking through a glass darkly. Interpret ing all of this collective evidence this minute detail which is necessary for any proper geologic investigation but when we found this place photograph we found we can see the big picture the major structures and how they relate one to the other it's been said that it can be likened to a fly walking on the face of the Mona Lisa. And it's not to let fly lives often looks back. Dillon knows what it's been looking at. Space photographs are becoming another tool in our search for a new energy from our own planet this is just the beginning. For petroleum and natural gas the value I believe will be inducted level Wow are studying the moon and all of the wonders of its surface I think we need to turn around and take a look back at the Earth I think the value of space photography is a man's. New sources of energy new sources of food from this space photo made from Germany for in one thousand nine hundred eighty five a great new promise comes to fisherman along the Florida Keys and better understanding of ocean currents. What has the sweep of the seas to do with feeding the world's growing population just watch. Oh I don't know about don't owe I don't know your. Shrimp processing is the largest seafood industry in the United States in seasons scores of small boats. DARPA Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic waters groping with their nets for where shrimp used to be like to be were just might be. Getting tough on tiring work and as the demand for shrimpers grown methods to increase the supply have failed of an army man. There is a vast area of the Gulf known as upper Florida Bay which looks ideal for shrimp to grow him but they do not. Some said that the waters actually caused baby shrimp to die one Gemini photograph dispel the myth. Showed how the ocean currents web baby shrimp from their spawning grounds into lower Florida Bay but not into the upper bay that. A rabbit's Steve and some of the Bureau of commercial fisheries and in those photographs we see a large Eddie some forty five miles in diameter which peels the water are from the Florida current into the Florida bays and by this mechanism we realized why this room or how they came into the bays. So the view from space. Revealed that the ocean current was the villain of upper Florida Bay and work has now begun toward seeding the upper bay with young shrimp quagmired females caught on the fishing grounds are brought to the laboratory where they live until they release their hundreds of thousands of day was quite a baby shrimp reach the post larval stage they are siphoned out of the tanks. Quick and experimentally planted in the waters of upper Florida Bay quit. After a matter of weeks and they will begin migrating to deep water increasing the potential catch from one space photograph has come the proper nursery and greatly expanding the sources of food. Happening here can occur in many other areas of the world. Off the waters of Asia and Africa there are potential spawning grounds for shrimp and other sea life if a man can only see them from space. In the years just ahead and for the views from space will be to help men solve the problem of hunger by understanding the sea. The sea and the land. In the past. Aerial photographs of the United States have been taken by the thousands. A coast to coast MAP OF THE NATION from air craft would take ten years and twelve million dollars But in the. Test a Gemini spacecraft provided the basis for a photo map of Allied area of the South West in ten minutes. Now being tested for satellite use a new cameras and other sensing devices from airplanes. What may we see in one nine hundred seventy Well for one thing we could begin to map water supplies from melting snow has this photo shows what appears to be a huge glacier here in white but with infrared photography much of the glacier proved to be snow covered vegetation dark shades. Views like this from space could help provide us with more accurate water estimates. Or look again think our census of crops could benefit and overpopulated world this photo gives information for such a census this is a field of cut scene on the aircraft. Infrared film due to poor irrigation some of the cotton is sickly providing a smaller yield number one shows healthy couple Number two is poorly irrigated. Nothing grows in number three. A space watch could reduce disaster to crops this in for Red picture shows a wide swath of dead trees at the top. Threatening the entire forest. Early warnings could cut the annual twenty billion dollar crop loss in the United States alone the view from space can be a window against other disasters this is a part of central China often ravaged by flood and famine through space sensing such inaccessible regions could be monitored many details can be made out by experts from the space photographed the conditions of the roads and railroads the rivers and flood areas. Farms and erosion the whole program was really weird to benefit the average citizen of this country and perhaps of other countries as well. It's a dividend I think. The expenditures we've made in the space program will mean more food adequate water good clean water. It'll mean that he will have a recreational resources that he needs to enjoy life when we have more leisure to enjoy so we have an obligation to explore and to develop and space can help us build. The world lies at our feet twenty two thousand miles spent. Much of it and its riches waiting to be discovered with us from space.
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